The largest marine turtle and one of the largest living reptiles, the leatherback turtle, (Dermochelys coriaceathe) has survived for more than a hundred million years, but is now facing extinction. Recent estimates of numbers show that this species is declining, particularly in the Pacific where as few as 2,300 adult females now remain, making the Pacific leatherback the world's most endangered marine turtle population. Atlantic turtle populations are more stable but scientists predict a decline due to the large numbers of adults being caught as bycatch and killed accidentally by fishing fleets. Additionally, rising sea levels and higher temperatures on Atlantic beaches pose a new threat to turtles and their offspring. Nest temperature strongly determines the sex of offspring, and a nest warming trend is reducing the number of male turtles. WWF aims to conserve leatherback turtle migratory pathways - by working with fisheries to decrease bycatch, by protecting critical nesting beaches, and by raising awareness so that local communities will protect turtles and their nests.
There is only as few as 2300 adult female Pacific turtles left in the world, this is putting huge pressure on the the whole population. The fact that these species have been around for millions of years and that they could go in our generation if not the next is shocking and i believe that its our responsibility to act now and make sure this does not happen. The threats to the turtles are over fishing and global warming, the temperature of the Turtles nests highly depends the sex of the new borns and the hight temperatures are causing a lack of adult male Turtles.